Loon’s balloon-powered internet

loon project

Alphabet’s Loon’s balloon-powered internet, A insane concept arose in Google X, in the year 2013, to send balloons into space to link users from blank-spot internet places across the globe. Frankly, it didn’t seem to work. It seemed too insane, even for a company with a reputation for making outlandish things possible.

Yet plenty has changed in today’s view. Balloons went for more than half a year from hours to days to weeks. When shot by side, twin automatic devices with a tallness of 90 feet will now move a ball every 30 minutes at 60’000 feet. In former free-floating globes, machine-learning algorithms are now directed to their own interested and complex navigation maneuvers to provide sustainable service to users below.

Within a college dormitory once created (literally, beer coolers and Wi-Fi routers used in the early days) networking services today have a field of reach of over 11,000 square kilometers – a staggering 200 times the typical mobile towers.

And a business that only started building a business two years ago has now signed agreements to serve on many continents with some of the world’s largest mobile network operators, leads a commercial exploration and stratospheric development, and assists the global aviation community with the development of a future generation of high-level transactions, rules, and policies.

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Loon’s balloon-powered internet?

Loon now provides service to Telkom Kenya subscribers. This is the first time in many ways: the first large-scale non-emergency use of Loon, the first application of the internet in Africa with a balloon, and the first of the many commercial applications in the world.

Loon’s Coverage

The initial coverage area of Loon’s balloon-powered internet service encompasses nearly 50,000 square kilometers throughout western and central Kenya covering the Iden, Eldoret, Baringo, Nakuru, Kakamega, Kisumu, Kisii, Bomet, Kericho, and Narok counties. Kenya is one of the major areas of Kenya.

For this purpose, we will use a flood of around 35 or more separate air vehicles in the stratosphere above East Africa that is in continuous motion. When we start to attach balls to meet this aim over the coming weeks, the quality of facilities will increase.

Performance monitoring for early delivery found to be highly successful. We saw a downlink speeder of 4.74 Mpbs, a downlink peak of 18.9 Mbps, and a 19-millisecond latency (ms) during a field testing session in the coverage region at the end of June.

Other forms at software, such as voice messaging, video calls, Twitter, Skype, e-mails, tweeting, web searching, etc. The teams at Loon and Telkom also tested the technology and also utilized it throughout the following studies.

Loon community

In tests that led to the launch of the service today, many Kenyans have already connected to the Internet via a ball, even though most people have failed to realize it. Since we began testing, more than 35,000 unique users have been connected to OTT audio, video message, download, online access, and more.

Any of these Telkom customers might take some footage from the balloon in Kenya, Rated. They used Google Hangout to add some people to our Loon community.

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A New Kind of Connectivity

What does it mean by floating?

Whereas Loon is mainly a floating cell tower network, there are certain differences between our services. The operating term “floating” is important for understanding the service Loon provides while giving a short description of the advanced machine learning algorithms.

When the aircraft moves through stratospheric waves, they operate together to protect the regions below. Depending on its position, a flight vehicle can alternate between active service users, to beam the Internet to other vehicles, or to reposition itself to return to the serving zone as a feeder connection within our mesh network.

There can be other flight vehicles in the vicinity (stratosphere), waiting to enter the service area where connectivity can begin. Since this carefully choreographed coordinated balloon dance is used to limit our capacity to service a specific area, stratospheric winds and other barriers including restricted airspaces are also limited.

But the reverse aspect of this floating coin is that it incredibly flexibly makes the Loon solution. The towers of the cell phone are not easy to move; the flights of Loon do. This is why, in Peru last year when we transpired to provide emergency services during a 48-hour 8.0 magistral earthquake, we were able to respond rapidly to natural disasters.

In turn, this gives our mobile network provider providers unique incentives, for example, to adapt more flexibly to seasonal or fluctuating consumer demand.
A new level of the ecosystem of connectivity

Although Loon’s balloon-powered internet is a network of floating cell towers they build something entirely fresh and special and have an interesting new dimension introduced to the world of communication.

There are only two basic connectivity levels of the current environment. One layer is based on the ground (mobile towers, fiber optic cables, and microwave links), whereas the other layer is space-based(satellites). The two-layered world of networking has revolutionized how we work, but not for all.

Earth’s two-layered connectivity ecosystem has failed to connect half the world’s population to the internet
Earth’s two-layered connectivity ecosystem has failed to connect half the world’s population to the internet, Credit: Loon Blog

About 3.8 billion citizens, or almost half of mankind, do not have Web connectivity and even more have limited access to what I believe will be useful. This turns out to be a difficult issue.

Following several initiatives, the increase in Internet penetration over the last few years has declined significantly from 19% over 2007 to less than 6% in 2018. And all of this comes when communication demand grows growing exponentially, not just from users, but also from the services these users are constantly dependent on on the Internet.

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The third layer of connectivity

The third layer of the Earth’s stratosphere connectivity ecosystem. From here they will build on the capacity of the two current levels — the low latency of a land link and the broad region of a space connection to attach more individuals, locations, and objects around the globe.

Loon's balloon-powered internet, third layer of connectivity between existing ground-based and space-based layers
Loon represents a new, third layer of connectivity between existing ground-based and space-based layers, Credit: Loon Blog

Let’s eliminate the ground stations


I do not think that we should replace the existing technologies in the ground and space. I think that the future of macro connectivity will look like it exists on a micro-scale today. Today your phone has many means of linking to the citizens and computers.

If you watch a TV show at home, WiFi is available. You will be using LTE if you send an email on the road. Your link to Bluetooth to play music from a mic. You also use GPS to navigate.

The approach to connecting the world is similar and layered. Earth, stratosphere, and space technology will all work together to serve various parts of the globe and use cases. The aim is to organize these various approaches, such that they are related seamlessly.

With the technologies that have been developed, Loon is well prepared for the global networking environment of the future and serves this purpose.

The Future of Loon’s balloon-powered internet


Although this seems like a futuristic future in science fiction, it isn’t. Look at Kenya. Something once appeared odd now proved the previous self. What we see today in Kenya is that the third layer of Loon’s balloon-powered internet.

It has been a long time and a lot of research needs to be done to create this latest networking layer. Today, however, we can see what the future can hold if we succeed.

Source: Loon Blog

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